Coffee Grading and Classification
SCA ( Speciality Coffee Association) Sets standards for speciality Coffee from production to brewing.
Coffee is graded for defects, 1 to 5
Grade 1 - Speciality grade coffee beans
Grade 2- Premium grade coffee beans
Grade 3- exchange grade
Grade 4- standard coffee beans
Grade 5- off grade
The SCA only defines two grades of coffee , speciality grade and premium grade. Specialty green coffee beans have no more than 5 full defects in 350 grams of coffee.
SCA Cupping scores
Coffee is cupped to SCA cupping protocols and standards by a qualified Q grader. It is then scored for quality. A coffee is rated specialty if it scores 80 or above. 80-84.99 is very good. 85-89.99 is excellent and 90-100 is outstanding.
Bean Size classification (different countries use different terms)
The beans are sorted by screen sizes. (17/18,15/16,13/14)
AA - Refers to a larger than normal bean size, example Tanzania AA.
A - Large beans
B- medium beans
Supremo- Larger than normal
Excelso- Medium to large
HB - Hard bean
SHG- Strictly high grown
SHB-Strictly hard bean
RFA- Rainforest Alliance